The 19th century was one of political, industrial and social revolutions in Europe. And fashion was no exception! Figures went from being long and straight, inspired by Ancient Greece, to corseted, in keeping with bourgeois codes, to masculine, as exemplified by the trousered George Sand, before being weighted down with the return of the impressive crinoline.
The dawn of democracy witnessed the development of the textile industry, the invention of the sewing machine, dressmaking and creativity in clothing. The first major fashion designer, Charles Frédéric Worth, invented the forerunner of today's models, and the first temples of fashion - large department stores - began to appear.
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